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Fresh Water, Foul Sewage

Accountabilityby Mark Reutter10:55 amAug 1, 20180

Controversial reservoir projects pile up at Baltimore DPW

ANALYSIS: The agency says the region’s drinking water is safe and plentiful, but leaves key questions unanswered

Above: City consultants acknowledge that turbidity curtains (the floating yellow structures) failed to protect Druid Lake’s drinking water from potential health hazards. (Mark Reutter)

Faced with a citizen rebellion over the clear-cutting of a park, potentially heavy fines for dumping tainted water into the Jones Falls and closure of a polluted reservoir – the Baltimore Department of Public Works has clammed up, refusing to answer questions, while offering tepid apologies at small forums.

Last week, for example, as DPW Director Rudy Chow was in Boston attending a clean water conference, the agency’s chief of construction explained her approach to nearly $1 billion worth of water and sewer projects now underway:

“We do the best we can and we try to make the best choices we can, and then adjust as we go along,” said Lauren Swiecicki, speaking to a handful of people at the Ashburton Filtration Plant.

Project to protect city’s drinking water so far has only compromised it (7/11/18)

At hearing on reservoir projects, councilman asks, “Where’s Rudy Chow? (7/12/18)

DPW caught dumping chlorinated water into the Jones Falls (7/20/18)

Ashburton residents revolt over tree-clearing for city water tank (7/25/18)
Repeatedly, she said she was “not sure” or would “have to get back to you” when questioned by Councilman Leon F. Pinkett III.

But some clues as to how far the $134 million project has veered off course came from the carefully worded responses of two consultants.

DPW heavily depends on consultants – with Whitman, Requardt & Associates, Rummel, Klepper & Kahl (RR&K), Hazen & Sawyer, and Johnson, Mirmiran & Thompson heading the list – to provide construction management services to the agency.

“We do the best we can . . . and then adjust as we go along”  – DPW Construction Chief Lauren Swiecicki.

Karen Moran, senior vice president at Whitman, Requardt, said Druid Lake’s closing last January was the “end point” of a series of contingencies planned by the consultants if construction to install two underground water tanks went awry.

“Not that you’d want to do it in the long-term. But for short periods of time, you can operate the system with Druid Lake offline,” she said.

“We did not go in and say, ‘Let’s go shut this thing down.’ We always understood there was a possibility, but that was not part of the job that we wanted to happen,” P. Michael Schultz, a RK&K consultant on the project, added.

As residents complained last week about DPW's clear-cutting of Hanlon Park for underground water tanks, agency director Rudy Chow (BELOW) attended a National Association of Clean Water Agencies leadership conference in Boston. (Mark Reutter, Board of Estimates travel approval)

While residents complained last week about DPW’s clear-cutting of Hanlon Park, Director Rudy Chow was attending a National Association of Clean Water Agencies leadership conference in Boston. (Mark Reutter, BOE agenda)

rudy chow at NACWA conference, Boston

A Gamble on Turbidity

A key factor was DPW’s gamble – endorsed by the consultants – that it could construct a cofferdam across the lake while not stirring up bottom sediment.

Moran said that it was agreed that “turbidity curtains” would keep sediment churned up by the cofferdam away from drinking water destined for hundreds of thousands of Baltimore City and Baltimore County residents.

But it didn’t happen that way.

As the contractor, Oscar Renda, began dumping 100,000 tons of riprap and surge stone into the lake to form the cofferdam, “turbidity,” or sediment, skyrocketed on the drinking side of the lake.

“There is a gap at the bottom of that turbidity curtain,” Moran said last week in what was the first public explanation of how things went wrong. “And the particulates were finer than we expected. So they started to migrate” into the drinking water.

“The particulates were finer than we expected. So they started to migrate” – DPW consultant Karen Moran.

After two months of releasing the lake’s water into the public water system, then shutting it down, DPW placed the lake “offline” in early January.

The action removed 200 million gallons of drinking water from the region’s supply.

No Health Threat, DPW says

Druid Lake remains “offline” as DPW attempts to drain off the turbid water and introduce fresh water to lower the lake’s sediment to a safe level.

Swiecicki and the consultants said public health was never endangered during last fall’s period of on-and-off service.

They also insist that enough water can be processed without Druid Lake’s storage capacity that the 1.8 million people who use Baltimore’s water will not be short of safe drinking water in the future.

The draining of the western end of Druid Lake, where water storage tanks will eventually be buried, has resulted in illegal discharges of chlorinated water into the nearby Jones Falls, according to state regulators. (Mark Reutter)

In draining part of Druid Lake, DPW was allowing chlorinated water to be released into the Jones Falls, state inspectors found. (Mark Reutter)

Anyone at Fault?

Asked by Pinkett if the turbidity curtain was installed properly, Schultz would not answer. “Typically they do not go to the bottom, but they can,” he said.

Asked who was to blame for the reservoir’s closure, Schultz replied, “As far as a faulty design or a faulty contractor, that’s a conversation that is on-going and will be for quite awhile.”

The same contractor was faulted last week by irate residents of Ashburton for clear-cutting 198 trees at Hanlon Park to make way for another water tank project managed by DPW.

One of the

One of the tanks found to be holding water with high chlorine, which can kill fish and aquatic life. BELOW: Hoses from another tank go into a city storm drain that leads to the Jones Falls. (MDE Water Compliance Inspection Report)

hoses from frac tank going to storm drain

 Jones Falls as Dumping Ground

Problems at the Druid Lake project only escalated when inspectors from the Maryland Department of the Environment discovered that highly chlorinated water was being dumped into the Jones Falls.

A July 17 MDE inspection report, obtained by The Brew, states that water was not adequately treated before it was discharged into storm drains that emptied into the Jones Falls below the 28th Street Bridge.

The “dewatering” operation started last September and apparently involved more than 100 million gallons of chlorinated water. While dumping the water, DPW failed to submit quarterly monitoring reports to MDE as required by law.

Such violations have resulted in sizable fines in similar cases involving private contractors.

The Druid Lake discharges are still under investigation, MDE spokesman Jay Apperson said, and the agency has not yet determined whether fines will be assessed against Baltimore.

Similar clean water violations have resulted in sizable fines.

Swiecicki complained that MDE “did not invite us into the conversation” before they shut down the dewatering operation. (It has since been re-opened with additional protocols in place to reduce chlorine levels.)

She said that DPW’s own inspectors had always found the chlorine levels to be within acceptable levels.

One possible explanation for that: DPW measured the dumped water with a non-compliant chlorine test kit, according to violation 4 of the state inspection report below.

Excerpt of inspection report regarding the city's dumping of chlorinated water into the Jones Falls. (Maryland Department of the Environment)

Excerpt from MDE’s inspection report citing the city’s violation of TRC (total residual chlorine) discharge levels at Druid Lake. BELOW: The permit granted to the city to discharge liquids into public waterways under clean water standards.

Excerpt of NPDES permit to BaltimoreTo contact reporter: reuttermark@yahoo.com

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